Citations & Plagiarism
- Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL): Research and Citation Resources
Standard resource in academia for citation guidelines including APA, MLA, ASA and Chicago.
Click on the tab to get additional information:
Remember to check out the VU Writing Center site for additional resources and help.
The following excerpt is from the 2017-2018 Vanguard University Student Handbook (pp. 12-14):
To plagiarize is to present someone else’s work – his or her words, line of thought, or organizational structure – as our own. This occurs when sources are not cited properly, or when permission is not obtained from the original author to use his or her work…
- Minimal plagiarism includes, but is not limited to, doing any of the following without attribution:
- inserting verbatim phrases of 2-3 distinctive words;
- substituting synonyms into the original sentence rather than rewriting the complete sentence;
- reordering the clauses of a sentence;
- imitating the sentence, paragraph, or organizational structure, or writing style of a source;
- using a source’s line of logic, thesis or ideas.
- Substantial plagiarism includes, but is not limited to, doing any of the following without attribution:
- inserting verbatim sentences or longer passages from a source;
- combining paraphrasing with verbatim sentences to create a paragraph or more of text;
- repeatedly and pervasively engaging in minimal plagiarism.
- Complete plagiarism includes, but is not limited to, doing any of the following without attribution:
- submitting or presenting someone’s complete published or unpublished work (paper, article, or chapter);
- submitting another student’s work for an assignment, with or without that person’s knowledge or consent;
- using information from a campus file of old assignments;
- downloading a term paper from a web site;
- buying a term paper from a mail order company or web site;
- reusing or modifying a previously submitted paper (e.g., from another course) for a present assignment without obtaining prior approval from the instructors involved.
For more information on plagiarism, please consult a librarian or check out a book ( Quick Coach Guide to Avoiding Plagiarism and more) at the library.