Douglas Degelman
Vanguard University of Southern California

1. Research question: Is physical appearance related to self-esteem? Using ERIC, find the abstract of a relevant article that studied Japanese adolescents.

Here is one possible sequence of steps:

1. Generate a list of possible search terms: appearance, attractiveness, beauty, self-esteem, self-concept, adolescents, Japanese, teens, high-school, etc.

2. Try “self-esteem.” (too many)

3. Try “self-esteem AND appearance.” (still too many)

4. Try “self-esteem AND appearance AND Japanese.” (whoops, where did they all go?)

5. Try “Japanese.” (too many)

6. Try “self-esteem AND Japanese.” (yea!)

Lerner, R. M. And Others. Self-Concept, Self-Esteem, and Body Attitudes among Japanese Male and Female Adolescents. Child Development; v51 n3 p847-55 Sep 1980.

To examine APA style for citing references, go to APA Style Essentials at http://www.vanguard.edu/psychology/faculty/douglas-degelman/apa-style/

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