Vanguard University of Southern California
1. Research question: Is physical appearance related to self-esteem? Using ERIC, find the abstract of a relevant article that studied Japanese adolescents.
Here is one possible sequence of steps:
1. Generate a list of possible search terms: appearance, attractiveness, beauty, self-esteem, self-concept, adolescents, Japanese, teens, high-school, etc.
2. Try “self-esteem.” (too many)
3. Try “self-esteem AND appearance.” (still too many)
4. Try “self-esteem AND appearance AND Japanese.” (whoops, where did they all go?)
5. Try “Japanese.” (too many)
6. Try “self-esteem AND Japanese.” (yea!)
Lerner, R. M. And Others. Self-Concept, Self-Esteem, and Body Attitudes among Japanese Male and Female Adolescents. Child Development; v51 n3 p847-55 Sep 1980.
To examine APA style for citing references, go to APA Style Essentials at http://www.vanguard.edu/psychology/faculty/douglas-degelman/apa-style/