Feel overwhelmed by the Information Explosion? You should!
What’s the Internet?
Begun by the Defense Department in the 1960s as a fail safe computer network in case of nuclear war, it’s a vehicle for linking up computer networks so that researchers across miles could share information quickly.
In the 1990s, the World Wide Web was developed, a huge and growing part of the Internet that uses highlighted links (hypertext transfer protocol or http://) to move you from one server or document or file to another.
|The State of the Internet: HUGE
How important is the Internet?
Pew Reports, April 2006, The Role of the Internet in Life’s Major Moments
URL: Uniform Resource Locators, or unique addresses of Internet sites.
When you type in a URL, you’re asking a computer somewhere to let you access information hosted on that computer.
|Type of file (protocol)||server.domain||Path or directory||Name of file (ends in htm or html)|
Top level domain names are particularly important!
Save time! As you’re searching and get 253,452 citations or hits for a keyword search, you can sometimes eliminate many of those from consideration by just looking at the top level domain.
.edu education (colleges and universities)
.com commercial (businesses)
.org organization (nonprofit organizations)
.gov government (nonmilitary government branches)
cc community college
ac academic (european .edu)