122: Pornography – A Public Health Crisis (Part 2)

During this episode, Sandra Morgan and Dave Stachowiak talk about the issue that pornography plays in public health and how to combat it, using the predict and protect model. The issue is brought up of how pornography affects young people’s view of self and sexuality, as well as suggestions on what parents can do to aid in the child’s protection from being exposed to inappropriate content online. Sandra supplies a number a great tools for parents to utilize to monitor and protect their children. NetSmart, Pure Hope, NetNanny, and Covenant Eyes are just some of the tools mentioned as avenues for parents to explore as services to utilize. Sandra and Dave also discuss other alternatives for parents to use as well. The episode also addresses the addictive side of pornography and the progression of the brain from viewing to acting out in domestic violence and sexual abuse.


Please take a moment to rate the Podcast on ITunes!


Religious Alliance

The National Council of Catholic Women

Anti-Human Trafficking Certificate

Parenting in a Sexualized Culture Webinar Registration

Dr. Sandra Morgan’s new blog

Global Center for Women and Justice

Like us on Facebook!

Haven’t been receiving our monthly newsletter? Head over to our homepage and subscribe today using the box in the bottom left corner!

Contact us with questions, comments, or suggestions:

(714) 966-6360

For updates about the Global Center for Women & Justice at Vanguard University, please LIKE us on Facebook at:

CLICK HERE for FAQs about podcasts and how to subscribe

A Voice for the Voiceless: Abigail Silvas-Sheffield

Student Impact Blog #7
If someone would have told me a couple years ago that I would be the president of an anti-human trafficking club, I would not have believed them. I had no concept of what human trafficking was until I was a freshman here at Vanguard University.I had grown up knowing that I had a burning passion for being a voice for the voiceless, but I never knew how it would become tangible in my life. I started at Vanguard in the fall of 2014 as a bio-chemistry major, thinking I would eventually become a pediatrician and travel the world helping children in poverty stricken nations, but I soon realized that I was not cut out for the sciences. I had taken the intro to sociology course and absolutely fell in love with the topic. I became a sociology major in the spring. One of the classes that fit in my schedule during the spring semester happened to be the human trafficking course taught by Derek Marsh. My eyes were opened to a whole new world. One of the assignments for his class was to get involved with Live2Free and do at least one presentation with them. For those of you who might not know what Live2Free is, it is an anti-human trafficking club on campus here at Vanguard University.  As a club, we go out to high schools, middle schools, churches and conferences in the area and give a 45 minute presentation educating on the basics of what human trafficking is. We want to bring awareness into our communities and empower everyone we come across to be a voice for those who do not have one. Thus, my dream materialized itself. I slowly became involved with Live2Free during that spring semester and in the next fall I became the on-campus events coordinator. I took up more responsibilities than I signed up for and dove in head first, but it seems like that’s really the only way to do it.This spring, I was offered the position of president of Live2Free. I was very nervous to accept, but I felt like it was God opening a door for me. It has been one of the most incredible experiences being the leader of this club. I had the opportunity to educate approximately 1,358 people about the issue of human trafficking. I also had the opportunity to go to Kenosha, Wisconsin with Dr. Morgan and my fellow leaders to help bring awareness over there! I am so grateful to those who made that trip possible!I have learned so much about what it takes to lead a group of people, and how to appreciate the strengths of others and to recognize my weaknesses. Being the president of Live2Free is not something anyone should have to do alone. One thing someone told me this semester that really stuck with me was that you get out of the club what you put into it, which obviously can be applied to anything. I have poured my heart into this club, and I have truly reaped the benefits of it. I have met so many wonderful people; been introduced to such inspiring individuals; made amazing friends; and had the chance to cultivate my passion for being a voice for the voiceless. Even though we had very few people coming to the meetings every week and even fewer who were truly committed, I did my best to not be discouraged because you can’t force people to have the same passions as you. I know that in the future the club will grow in participation and will receive more opportunities to go out into the community to spread awareness but for now, Zechariah 4:10 (NLT) says, “Do not despise these small beginnings, for the Lord rejoices to see the work begin.”

This next year I will be transferring back home to Sacramento State University to finish my last two years of college. As much as I love and appreciate all the opportunities that I have been given here at Vanguard, there is no place like home. I hope to start a Live2Free club on the campus of Sac State as well as at my old high school. While I may not know what I want to do career-wise just yet, I do know that I will continue to be a voice for those who do not have one.


CBE International “Truth Be Told” Conference 2016


Hey Vanguard students! Have you written any papers about Gender based violence?  This is a great opportunity to submit your papers in a competition to present at the CBE International “Truth Be Told” Conference in South Africa! The conference will be held in  Johannesburg, South Africa from September 14-17th.

There are only four more weeks left in the Student Paper Competition. Enter your submissions today to win a chance to:

  *    Read your paper at the “Truth Be Told” conference in South Africa
  *    Publish your paper in CBE International’s academic journals
  *    Receive a scholarship to attend the conference
  *    Network with activists, scholars, and leaders

NOTE: CBE is unable to provide students with funds for visas, passport, transportation, and airfare. GEMA will provide a visa letter, but it is your full responsibility to arrange your own visa, passport, transportation, and airfare.

All submission are Due on May 29, 2016 at 12:00 am CDT (GMT-5)

CBE International Conference Registration 

Women in Business 2016 Nominee!

Sandie Updated Headshot

Dr. Sandra Morgan, Director, Vanguard University’s Global Center for Women & Justice; Professor, Women’s Studies, Family Violence & Human Trafficking Vanguard University, Costa Mesa Sandra Morgan is recognized globally for her expertise on combating human trafficking and working to end violence against women. She began her anti-trafficking work in Athens, Greece where she served on the board of the Athens International Nurses Association. She has also served as the administrator of the Orange County Human Trafficking Task Force before returning fulltime to Vanguard in order to extend global impact and build capacity for research, education and advocacy directly related to the exploitation of women and children. For three years, she has produced the bimonthly Ending Human Trafficking podcast, which was recognized by The National Clearinghouse on Families & Youth, Dept. of Health and Human Services as a great way to “get up to speed on human trafficking.” As director of Vanguard University’s Global Center for Women and Justice (GCWJ), she oversees the Women’s Studies minor, as well as teaches Family Violence and Human Trafficking.


Resources for Pornography: a Public Health Issue

Pornography Statistics – 2013

70% of men ages 18 to 34 visit pornography websites in a typical month.
47% of families in the United States say pornography is a problem in their
 55% of divorces are related to pornography.
Nearly 87% of young men and 31% of young women reported using pornography.
 9 years old is the average age at which children first see online pornography.
83% of youth watch pornography at home.
9 out of 10 children between the ages of 8 and 16 have viewed pornography on the Internet, in most cases unintentionally.
Over 400 BILLION dollars a year is spent on video pornography in the United States, more than on football, baseball, and basketball.

The Atlantic: Pornography Does Not Promote Objectification
By Mairead McArdle | April 11, 2016 | 10:27 AM EDT 

The Atlantic dismissed all moral charges against pornography as largely irrelevant but admitted
that it poses a public health crisis.
“Surveying the world around me, it just doesn’t seem as if the men in younger generations are
more likely than their forbearers to use and abuse women,” said the Atlantic’s Conor Friedersdorf.
“In fact, just the opposite seems to be true.”
Friedersdorf noted that prisons have high rape rates and no access to porn and that domestic
violence and rape rates have fallen as the availability of porn has risen.
“None of that answers whether pornography is medically healthy or morally permissible,”
Friedersdorf admitted.
“Lots of countries with ubiquitous pornography seem to be much more successful, and to treat
women much better,” he claimed. We must look closer at “how porn functions in the real world”
before claiming that it breeds selfish men.
“I don’t think anyone should be confident about what facts will emerge, what the true costs and
benefits will be, insofar as it will ever be possible to know them.”

However, the health concerns associated with porn go hand in hand with moral and societal
concerns. It is by no means proven that porn has no effect on men’s attitudes toward women. In
fact, three separate psychology studies pointed to just the opposite.
The studies found that pornography use contributes to infidelity and diminishes commitment.
Shira Tarrant, professor of women’s, gender, and sexuality studies at Cal State Long Beach is a
fan of porn being widely distributed, but she cautioned about the darker side of the industry.
“There’s that whole other shadow world where people are trafficked or exploited,” she said,
adding that the rates for porn stars do not hold in that realm.
Tarrant said actresses receive around $800 for a lesbian performance and $1000 for a straight
one. Actors get $200-600 for a straight performance and $500-1000 for gay shots.
Tarrant blamed the stigma against pornography for the industry’s inability to break free of secrecy
and abuse.
Pirated content and the monopoly of MindGeek, which is estimated to own 8 out of the 10 largest
tube sites remain unscrutinized in the porn industry since is not the focus of serious business
“There are the questions about ethics and crime, but we’re also talking about a lot of money,”
Tarrant commented.
The professor also retains health concerns regarding mass consumption of porn.
“There can be an immersive experience where people can go down the rabbit hole and emerge
hours later. That concerns me, and I do think in a sense that that’s the sort of future that people
feared,” she said. She added that watching internet porn during work hours, especially by
professionals such as police officers was also a cause for concern.


Action Plan

Teach Your Children: Be proactive, start talking to your children while they are very young (ages 3–5),
providing books that help them understand good images from bad images and to know their bodies are
special gifts from God . When time comes for the pre-teen and teenagers find help for them using
Theology of the Body for Teens as well as a new program called “Fight the New Drug”. Resources:
Jennie Bishop, http://www.puritywork.org, Kristen Jenson, http://www.goodpicturesbadpictures.com,
Christopher West, http://www.TOBforTeens.com, Clay Olsen, http://www.FIGHTTHENEWDRUG.ORG
Become Accountable: Place filters on all electronic devices, computers, iPads, iPods, cell phones, video
game systems, MP3 players, etc. Use filtering that will block questionable sites. Be pro-active in
protecting your entire family. Monitor all social networking, Facebook, Twitter, Instagram , You Tube,
etc. and block or screen movies and TV, using USCCB.org reviews of movies. The correct filters on
electronic devices will prevent the unexpected pop-ups that can occur while searching the web.
Resourses: Net Nanny, Covenant Eyes, and NetSmartz.
Educate Yourself: Learn more about the subject of pornography and sex-trafficking through the vast
resources available to you. Provide information about pornography at your local and or diocesan CCW
meetings yearly that address this silent but highly destructive subject. Show how prevalent pornography
is in our homes and society, and how it is ensnaring our children, and spouses.
White Ribbon Against Pornography Campaign: 20th Annual (WRAP) Week Takes Place! This year
(2014) from Sunday October 28 through November 4, national WRAP week will be in full force. Morality
in Media maintains there is a moral crisis at hand. White Ribbon’s purpose is to increase public
awareness of the harm done by exposure to pornography.
White Ribbon Week began in 1987 when Norma Norris heard a sermon delivered against pornography
by her pastor in Butler, PA. Soon after, she conceived the idea of a simple white ribbon as a symbol of
decency…Let’s Win the War Against Obscenity, We Must Be Willing To Put Up A Fight!
Plan to hold your own White Ribbon Against Pornography Campaign this year, if the dates do not work
for you, no problem, this is a yearlong fight, choose the best date for your group, then go to
http:///www.moralityinmedia for details on how to hold a WRAP Campaign.


Pornography Resources & Websites

Morality in Media – The leading organization opposing illegal pornography, providing public educational and advocacy.
PornHarms.com –  All children, women, and men have a natural human dignity, and thus a right to be free from sexual exploitation. Pornography, which is inherently
dehumanizing, violates this right.
Coalition To End Sexual Exploitation –  As of February 2014, 145 national, state, and local organizations belong to the coalition. Prevention – Recovery & Healing –
Advocacy – Awareness is the focus.
Net Nanny –  Internet filtering software and is actively involved in Internet safety campaigns with local and national media.
Covenant Eyes – Rates and records every web page accessed and sends an easy-to-read weekly rating report to its members for accountability reporting and real time filtering
of inappropriate content.
NetSmartz Workshop – _contact@ncmec.org A program of the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children that is helping children make safer choices online and in the world.
Pure Hope –  Christian Solutions in a Sexualized Culture for Raising Kids.
Fight The New Drug –  Ways to communicate effectively with teens and young adults in order to educate them about the harmful effects of pornography.
Family Watch International – Works at the United Nations and in countries around the world educating policy makers on the central role of the family. They
advocate for the protection of marriage, family, life, and religious freedom, and work to uphold standards of decency in society.
The Social Costs of Pornography –  A statement of findings and recommendations, by The Witherspoon Institute, Mary Eberstadt and Mary Anne Layden.
S.A. Lifeline Foundation –  Protecting families from the harmful effects of pornography, a resource for families, religious leaders and community leaders.
National Council of Catholic Women – NCCW Commission Systems provides information to support, empower and educate Catholic Women in Spirituality, Leadership and Service as
you serve in your homes, community, and your local and diocesan organizations.
USCCB – United States Council of Catholic Bishops



121: Pornography – A Public Health Crisis (Part 1)

During this episode, Sandra Morgan and Dave Stachowiak discus pornography and how it is related to trafficking. The pornography industry has claimed that it is a victimless pursuit. Dr. Gail Dines states that over 36% of the internet is pornography and there are 40 million regular consumers in the US alone. Porn sites get more visitors than the combined clicks on Netflix, Amazon, and Twitter. The most disturbing report of pornography is the focus on children and how early children are exposed to pornography. The media feeds kids the message that sex is casual, even in PG Rated films and television shows. Porn addiction is a slippery slope to abuse and sexual exploitation. We need to understand why it drives demand and why the public looks at porn as a first amendment freedom of speech issue rather than a health issue. Pornography is biologically addictive and it is said that porn watching may lead to shrinking of the brain, this can happen when addictions for pornography begin when the watcher is still an adolescent. Pornography websites obtain over 21 billion of visits and 2 ½ million visits per hour. We need to reframe it as not just a moral issue but a health issue. Knowing this, parents need to be more aware of what their children are accessing on the internet and discuss this issue with both their sons and daughters so they can be aware that it is something that should not be normalized.

Please take a moment to rate the Podcast on ITunes!


Porn is a Public Health Issue

Porn Statistics and Website Resources

Anti-Human Trafficking Certificate

Parenting in a Sexualized Culture Webinar Registration

Global Center for Women and Justice

Like us on Facebook!

Haven’t been receiving our monthly newsletter? Head over to our homepage and subscribe today using the box in the bottom left corner!

Contact us with questions, comments, or suggestions:

(714) 966-6360

For updates about the Global Center for Women & Justice at Vanguard University, please LIKE us on Facebook at:

CLICK HERE for FAQs about podcasts and how to subscribe

April: Be Informed, Do Your Part

National Child Abuse Prevention Month

National Child Abuse Prevention Month, also known as Child Abuse Prevention Month in America, is an annual observance in the United States dedicated to raising awareness and preventing child abuse. April has been designated Child Abuse Prevention Month in the United States since 1983. U.S. President Barack Obama continued that tradition, and in 2016 issued a Presidential proclamation stating: “During National Child Abuse Prevention Month, we recommit to giving every child a chance to succeed and to ensuring that every child grows up in a safe, stable, and nurturing environment that is free from abuse and neglect.” The World Health Organization (WHO) defines child abuse and child maltreatment as “all forms of physical and/or emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect or negligent treatment or commercial or other exploitation, resulting in actual or potential harm to the child’s health, survival, development or dignity in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power.” In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) uses the term child maltreatment to refer to both acts of commission (abuse), which include “words or overt actions that cause harm, potential harm, or threat of harm to a child”, and acts of omission (neglect), meaning “the failure to provide for a child’s basic physical, emotional, or educational needs or to protect a child from harm or potential harm”.The United States federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act defines child abuse and neglect as, at minimum, “any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation” and/or “an act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm”.

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services states that for Nation Child Abuse Prevention Month, communities should rededicate themselves to being supportive of families, and play an active role in preventing child abuse and neglect as well as taking positive action to promote child and family well-being. One way the Federal government of the United States provides funding for child-abuse prevention is through Community-Based Grants for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (CBCAP).

A report by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services noted that in FFY 2014 in the United States, an approximately 646,000 children were victims of child abuse or neglect, while still another 1,580 children died from abuse or neglect. The majority of child abuse cases result from conditions that can be prevented through community programs, systems, support and interventions. April has been designated Child Abuse Prevention Month in the United States since 1983.

Sexual Assault Awareness Month

Sexual Assault Awareness Month (SAAM) is an annual campaign to raise public awareness about sexual assault and educate communities and individuals on how to prevent sexual violence.[1] It is observed in April. Each year during the month of April, state, territory, tribal and community-based organizations, rape crisis centers, government agencies, businesses, campuses and individuals plan events and activities to highlight sexual violence as a public health, human rights and social justice issue and reinforce the need for prevention efforts. The theme, slogan, resources and materials for the national SAAM campaign are coordinated by the National Sexual Violence Resource Center each year with assistance from anti-sexual assault organizations throughout the United States.

As early as 1976, Take Back the Night marches rallied women in organized protest rape and sexual assault. These marches protested the violence and fear that women encountered walking the streets at night. Over time these events coordinated into a movement across the United States and Europe. Because of this movement broader activities to raise awareness of violence against women began to occur.

In the late 1980s, the National Coalition Against Sexual Assault (NCASA) informally polled state sexual assault coalitions to determine the preferred date for a national Sexual Assault Awareness Week. A week in April was selected. By the late 1990s, many advocates began coordinating activities and events throughout the month of April, advancing the idea of a nationally recognized month for sexual violence awareness and prevention activities. SAAM was first observed nationally in April 2001.

In 2009, President Obama was the first United States president to proclaim April as Sexual Assault Awareness Month.

April is also sexually transmitted disease awareness month in the United States, started in 2009 to promote education about STDs and prevention.

A Communication Student’s Perspective: Gabrielle Gomez


Student Impact Blog #6

Hi, my name is Gabrielle Gomez and I am a student worker for the Global Center for Women and Justice. Working here has been such a blessing. It is a constant reminder that God is watching out for me and He always has a bigger plan involved. Working for the Global Center has not only exposed me to women’s rights around the world and human trafficking, but it has equipped me with the knowledge that I can help bring social justice for men and women around the world. I have always had a heart for helping those in need and bringing exposure but I never knew where to begin.

When I started working for the Global Center, I also heard about the Women’s Studies Minor and became interested in what that is all about. I had the opportunity to interview students, who are taking the Women’s Studies Minor, and their testimony impacted me so I wanted to be a part of it as soon as I could. I’ve learned so much about women’s rights and social issues but it has also helped me with my major. I am a Communication: Cinema Arts major and I have gained much more experience in the past two months, just by working here and being a part of this wonderful community of people who were brought together because of the desire to help others.

From the Perspective of a Business Major: Brady Backstrom

Student Impact Blog #5

I’m a business major. Please don’t hold that against me. I know, I know…we are all greedy, power-hungry scum bags who step on the little guy so we can pay for our big expensive private jets. But hear me out. Even at a Christian University, I still get a raised eye-brow from Business professors when I tell them I want to work in the non-profit sector. Most business professionals view charities as useful for tax write-offs or something they should donate to for good PR. Some professors suggested I just work a corporate job while being on the board of a non-profit. Some condescendingly asked me if I knew how much money I wouldn’t make. One former professor asked me if I was gay. (I’m not) Regardless of the controversy I faced, I was stubborn enough in what I felt was my calling, vocation, purpose, etc. to remain on the non-profit business path.

I once went out to coffee about two years ago with the founder of an organization that focused on providing clean water for individuals; something I had considered doing for quite some time. After a very fruitful conversation, he said something extremely profound, which I have carried with me since – in terms of narrowing what I wanted to do specifically, he asked me the question of: “what is an injustice you see in the world that makes you the most angry or passionate?” I pondered this question greatly, and still do. Continually I am affirmed that this anger is individuals being sold into the various forms of slavery. Yes, the fact that children dying from curable diseases or lack of clean water is a terrible injustice—in no way am I attempting to belittle this or any other cause. I looked at these deaths of children as caused by selfish passivity from those able to assist. However, with individuals in slavery, I view this as an active oppression of individuals for personal gain. For other, their passions and pull towards change will, and should be, different than mine. We need passionate, world-changing people to be actively fighting all forms of need—be it hunger, sickness, disaster, or corruption. My wiring simply points me towards the injustice of individuals being treated as commodities. My dilemma remained of how to harness this passion with business knowledge and direct it towards a productive goal.

My knowledge and involvement with the Global Center had been little to none approaching my senior year at Vanguard University. However, I had been in conversation with many staff and faculty members first semester who strongly suggested I speak with Dr. Sandra Morgan about the vision I had for my post-grad life. With my ridiculously busy schedule, and terrible tendency towards procrastination, I did not meander into the office of Sandie Morgan until the Monday of winter finals week. I poked my head into her office and asked if I could have a few minutes of her time, based on how highly recommended she was.

While Sandie munched on her salad during her break between classes, she carefully listened as I spelled out where my passions lie and where I saw myself post-Vanguard. After what was all of a 10 minute conversation, she offered me an internship with the Global Center for the spring semester, as the business intern.

Since the first day I walked into the office, pad folio in hand, I have been learning. I really had no idea what to expect. Would I be doing the classic intern work: Filing papers, running errands, hanging flyer, updating the contact list? Yes…I did…all of those. However, quite quickly I was thrown into productive, businesses (that’s the technical term) responsibility. My role has been working closely with the chair of the Priceless committee and Global Center staff in planning and executing both meetings and the Priceless fundraiser itself. (Priceless is an annual gala that GCWJ host in September to invite support and acknowledge current supporters. As a 4013b non-profit, this is the way they are able to do their amazing work.) I have been able to fully utilize my skills and knowledge in business on this event while working out of the passion I have for ending human trafficking. Although my future is still uncertain (I know, I should have a plan by now), my time spent with the Global Center has and continually does educate me and inspire me for moving forward. I hope and pray that I will make a lasting impression on people’s lives based on the work I have been blessed with doing here, based on the skills and knowledge I have learned while working here, which I can apply to m future career.

Pentecostal Leadership Series: Dr. Marcia Clarke

Marcia Clarke PDF Flyer

FRIDAY, April 22, 2016, 2:00 – 4:00 PM

HEATH LECTURE HALL 109, Vanguard University

Spring 2016 Pic 3

Pentecostalism in the Black British Female Experience

Dr. Marcia Clarke, Ph.D.

Assistant Director, School of Law, Regent University, Virginia Beach, VA

Co-Pastor, Restoration Christian Fellowship, Virginia Beach, VA

Dr. Marcia Clarke completed her doctoral studies at the University of Birmingham (UK). Her research utilized practical theology and in particular the role of ordinary theology in the formulation of Pentecostal spirituality.  Her research seeks to gain an understanding of the spirituality of Black British women in a post-colonial era. Marcia has presented her research at conferences on Global Pentecostalism in Europe and the U.S. Marcia has also taught in Ghana, West Africa where she and her husband served as missionaries for ten years.  She holds ministerial credentials with the Church of God (Cleveland, TN) and co-pastors a church plant in Virginia Beach, VA.