Women in Business 2016 Nominee!

Sandie Updated Headshot

Dr. Sandra Morgan, Director, Vanguard University’s Global Center for Women & Justice; Professor, Women’s Studies, Family Violence & Human Trafficking Vanguard University, Costa Mesa Sandra Morgan is recognized globally for her expertise on combating human trafficking and working to end violence against women. She began her anti-trafficking work in Athens, Greece where she served on the board of the Athens International Nurses Association. She has also served as the administrator of the Orange County Human Trafficking Task Force before returning fulltime to Vanguard in order to extend global impact and build capacity for research, education and advocacy directly related to the exploitation of women and children. For three years, she has produced the bimonthly Ending Human Trafficking podcast, which was recognized by The National Clearinghouse on Families & Youth, Dept. of Health and Human Services as a great way to “get up to speed on human trafficking.” As director of Vanguard University’s Global Center for Women and Justice (GCWJ), she oversees the Women’s Studies minor, as well as teaches Family Violence and Human Trafficking.


Resources for Pornography: a Public Health Issue

Pornography Statistics – 2013

70% of men ages 18 to 34 visit pornography websites in a typical month.
47% of families in the United States say pornography is a problem in their
 55% of divorces are related to pornography.
Nearly 87% of young men and 31% of young women reported using pornography.
 9 years old is the average age at which children first see online pornography.
83% of youth watch pornography at home.
9 out of 10 children between the ages of 8 and 16 have viewed pornography on the Internet, in most cases unintentionally.
Over 400 BILLION dollars a year is spent on video pornography in the United States, more than on football, baseball, and basketball.

The Atlantic: Pornography Does Not Promote Objectification
By Mairead McArdle | April 11, 2016 | 10:27 AM EDT 

The Atlantic dismissed all moral charges against pornography as largely irrelevant but admitted
that it poses a public health crisis.
“Surveying the world around me, it just doesn’t seem as if the men in younger generations are
more likely than their forbearers to use and abuse women,” said the Atlantic’s Conor Friedersdorf.
“In fact, just the opposite seems to be true.”
Friedersdorf noted that prisons have high rape rates and no access to porn and that domestic
violence and rape rates have fallen as the availability of porn has risen.
“None of that answers whether pornography is medically healthy or morally permissible,”
Friedersdorf admitted.
“Lots of countries with ubiquitous pornography seem to be much more successful, and to treat
women much better,” he claimed. We must look closer at “how porn functions in the real world”
before claiming that it breeds selfish men.
“I don’t think anyone should be confident about what facts will emerge, what the true costs and
benefits will be, insofar as it will ever be possible to know them.”

However, the health concerns associated with porn go hand in hand with moral and societal
concerns. It is by no means proven that porn has no effect on men’s attitudes toward women. In
fact, three separate psychology studies pointed to just the opposite.
The studies found that pornography use contributes to infidelity and diminishes commitment.
Shira Tarrant, professor of women’s, gender, and sexuality studies at Cal State Long Beach is a
fan of porn being widely distributed, but she cautioned about the darker side of the industry.
“There’s that whole other shadow world where people are trafficked or exploited,” she said,
adding that the rates for porn stars do not hold in that realm.
Tarrant said actresses receive around $800 for a lesbian performance and $1000 for a straight
one. Actors get $200-600 for a straight performance and $500-1000 for gay shots.
Tarrant blamed the stigma against pornography for the industry’s inability to break free of secrecy
and abuse.
Pirated content and the monopoly of MindGeek, which is estimated to own 8 out of the 10 largest
tube sites remain unscrutinized in the porn industry since is not the focus of serious business
“There are the questions about ethics and crime, but we’re also talking about a lot of money,”
Tarrant commented.
The professor also retains health concerns regarding mass consumption of porn.
“There can be an immersive experience where people can go down the rabbit hole and emerge
hours later. That concerns me, and I do think in a sense that that’s the sort of future that people
feared,” she said. She added that watching internet porn during work hours, especially by
professionals such as police officers was also a cause for concern.


Action Plan

Teach Your Children: Be proactive, start talking to your children while they are very young (ages 3–5),
providing books that help them understand good images from bad images and to know their bodies are
special gifts from God . When time comes for the pre-teen and teenagers find help for them using
Theology of the Body for Teens as well as a new program called “Fight the New Drug”. Resources:
Jennie Bishop, http://www.puritywork.org, Kristen Jenson, http://www.goodpicturesbadpictures.com,
Christopher West, http://www.TOBforTeens.com, Clay Olsen, http://www.FIGHTTHENEWDRUG.ORG
Become Accountable: Place filters on all electronic devices, computers, iPads, iPods, cell phones, video
game systems, MP3 players, etc. Use filtering that will block questionable sites. Be pro-active in
protecting your entire family. Monitor all social networking, Facebook, Twitter, Instagram , You Tube,
etc. and block or screen movies and TV, using USCCB.org reviews of movies. The correct filters on
electronic devices will prevent the unexpected pop-ups that can occur while searching the web.
Resourses: Net Nanny, Covenant Eyes, and NetSmartz.
Educate Yourself: Learn more about the subject of pornography and sex-trafficking through the vast
resources available to you. Provide information about pornography at your local and or diocesan CCW
meetings yearly that address this silent but highly destructive subject. Show how prevalent pornography
is in our homes and society, and how it is ensnaring our children, and spouses.
White Ribbon Against Pornography Campaign: 20th Annual (WRAP) Week Takes Place! This year
(2014) from Sunday October 28 through November 4, national WRAP week will be in full force. Morality
in Media maintains there is a moral crisis at hand. White Ribbon’s purpose is to increase public
awareness of the harm done by exposure to pornography.
White Ribbon Week began in 1987 when Norma Norris heard a sermon delivered against pornography
by her pastor in Butler, PA. Soon after, she conceived the idea of a simple white ribbon as a symbol of
decency…Let’s Win the War Against Obscenity, We Must Be Willing To Put Up A Fight!
Plan to hold your own White Ribbon Against Pornography Campaign this year, if the dates do not work
for you, no problem, this is a yearlong fight, choose the best date for your group, then go to
http:///www.moralityinmedia for details on how to hold a WRAP Campaign.


Pornography Resources & Websites

Morality in Media – The leading organization opposing illegal pornography, providing public educational and advocacy.
PornHarms.com –  All children, women, and men have a natural human dignity, and thus a right to be free from sexual exploitation. Pornography, which is inherently
dehumanizing, violates this right.
Coalition To End Sexual Exploitation –  As of February 2014, 145 national, state, and local organizations belong to the coalition. Prevention – Recovery & Healing –
Advocacy – Awareness is the focus.
Net Nanny –  Internet filtering software and is actively involved in Internet safety campaigns with local and national media.
Covenant Eyes – Rates and records every web page accessed and sends an easy-to-read weekly rating report to its members for accountability reporting and real time filtering
of inappropriate content.
NetSmartz Workshop – _contact@ncmec.org A program of the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children that is helping children make safer choices online and in the world.
Pure Hope –  Christian Solutions in a Sexualized Culture for Raising Kids.
Fight The New Drug –  Ways to communicate effectively with teens and young adults in order to educate them about the harmful effects of pornography.
Family Watch International – Works at the United Nations and in countries around the world educating policy makers on the central role of the family. They
advocate for the protection of marriage, family, life, and religious freedom, and work to uphold standards of decency in society.
The Social Costs of Pornography –  A statement of findings and recommendations, by The Witherspoon Institute, Mary Eberstadt and Mary Anne Layden.
S.A. Lifeline Foundation –  Protecting families from the harmful effects of pornography, a resource for families, religious leaders and community leaders.
National Council of Catholic Women – NCCW Commission Systems provides information to support, empower and educate Catholic Women in Spirituality, Leadership and Service as
you serve in your homes, community, and your local and diocesan organizations.
USCCB – United States Council of Catholic Bishops



121: Pornography – A Public Health Crisis (Part 1)

During this episode, Sandra Morgan and Dave Stachowiak discus pornography and how it is related to trafficking. The pornography industry has claimed that it is a victimless pursuit. Dr. Gail Dines states that over 36% of the internet is pornography and there are 40 million regular consumers in the US alone. Porn sites get more visitors than the combined clicks on Netflix, Amazon, and Twitter. The most disturbing report of pornography is the focus on children and how early children are exposed to pornography. The media feeds kids the message that sex is casual, even in PG Rated films and television shows. Porn addiction is a slippery slope to abuse and sexual exploitation. We need to understand why it drives demand and why the public looks at porn as a first amendment freedom of speech issue rather than a health issue. Pornography is biologically addictive and it is said that porn watching may lead to shrinking of the brain, this can happen when addictions for pornography begin when the watcher is still an adolescent. Pornography websites obtain over 21 billion of visits and 2 ½ million visits per hour. We need to reframe it as not just a moral issue but a health issue. Knowing this, parents need to be more aware of what their children are accessing on the internet and discuss this issue with both their sons and daughters so they can be aware that it is something that should not be normalized.

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Porn is a Public Health Issue

Porn Statistics and Website Resources

Anti-Human Trafficking Certificate

Parenting in a Sexualized Culture Webinar Registration

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April: Be Informed, Do Your Part

National Child Abuse Prevention Month

National Child Abuse Prevention Month, also known as Child Abuse Prevention Month in America, is an annual observance in the United States dedicated to raising awareness and preventing child abuse. April has been designated Child Abuse Prevention Month in the United States since 1983. U.S. President Barack Obama continued that tradition, and in 2016 issued a Presidential proclamation stating: “During National Child Abuse Prevention Month, we recommit to giving every child a chance to succeed and to ensuring that every child grows up in a safe, stable, and nurturing environment that is free from abuse and neglect.” The World Health Organization (WHO) defines child abuse and child maltreatment as “all forms of physical and/or emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect or negligent treatment or commercial or other exploitation, resulting in actual or potential harm to the child’s health, survival, development or dignity in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power.” In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) uses the term child maltreatment to refer to both acts of commission (abuse), which include “words or overt actions that cause harm, potential harm, or threat of harm to a child”, and acts of omission (neglect), meaning “the failure to provide for a child’s basic physical, emotional, or educational needs or to protect a child from harm or potential harm”.The United States federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act defines child abuse and neglect as, at minimum, “any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation” and/or “an act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm”.

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services states that for Nation Child Abuse Prevention Month, communities should rededicate themselves to being supportive of families, and play an active role in preventing child abuse and neglect as well as taking positive action to promote child and family well-being. One way the Federal government of the United States provides funding for child-abuse prevention is through Community-Based Grants for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (CBCAP).

A report by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services noted that in FFY 2014 in the United States, an approximately 646,000 children were victims of child abuse or neglect, while still another 1,580 children died from abuse or neglect. The majority of child abuse cases result from conditions that can be prevented through community programs, systems, support and interventions. April has been designated Child Abuse Prevention Month in the United States since 1983.

Sexual Assault Awareness Month

Sexual Assault Awareness Month (SAAM) is an annual campaign to raise public awareness about sexual assault and educate communities and individuals on how to prevent sexual violence.[1] It is observed in April. Each year during the month of April, state, territory, tribal and community-based organizations, rape crisis centers, government agencies, businesses, campuses and individuals plan events and activities to highlight sexual violence as a public health, human rights and social justice issue and reinforce the need for prevention efforts. The theme, slogan, resources and materials for the national SAAM campaign are coordinated by the National Sexual Violence Resource Center each year with assistance from anti-sexual assault organizations throughout the United States.

As early as 1976, Take Back the Night marches rallied women in organized protest rape and sexual assault. These marches protested the violence and fear that women encountered walking the streets at night. Over time these events coordinated into a movement across the United States and Europe. Because of this movement broader activities to raise awareness of violence against women began to occur.

In the late 1980s, the National Coalition Against Sexual Assault (NCASA) informally polled state sexual assault coalitions to determine the preferred date for a national Sexual Assault Awareness Week. A week in April was selected. By the late 1990s, many advocates began coordinating activities and events throughout the month of April, advancing the idea of a nationally recognized month for sexual violence awareness and prevention activities. SAAM was first observed nationally in April 2001.

In 2009, President Obama was the first United States president to proclaim April as Sexual Assault Awareness Month.

April is also sexually transmitted disease awareness month in the United States, started in 2009 to promote education about STDs and prevention.

A Communication Student’s Perspective: Gabrielle Gomez


Student Impact Blog #6

Hi, my name is Gabrielle Gomez and I am a student worker for the Global Center for Women and Justice. Working here has been such a blessing. It is a constant reminder that God is watching out for me and He always has a bigger plan involved. Working for the Global Center has not only exposed me to women’s rights around the world and human trafficking, but it has equipped me with the knowledge that I can help bring social justice for men and women around the world. I have always had a heart for helping those in need and bringing exposure but I never knew where to begin.

When I started working for the Global Center, I also heard about the Women’s Studies Minor and became interested in what that is all about. I had the opportunity to interview students, who are taking the Women’s Studies Minor, and their testimony impacted me so I wanted to be a part of it as soon as I could. I’ve learned so much about women’s rights and social issues but it has also helped me with my major. I am a Communication: Cinema Arts major and I have gained much more experience in the past two months, just by working here and being a part of this wonderful community of people who were brought together because of the desire to help others.

From the Perspective of a Business Major: Brady Backstrom

Student Impact Blog #5

I’m a business major. Please don’t hold that against me. I know, I know…we are all greedy, power-hungry scum bags who step on the little guy so we can pay for our big expensive private jets. But hear me out. Even at a Christian University, I still get a raised eye-brow from Business professors when I tell them I want to work in the non-profit sector. Most business professionals view charities as useful for tax write-offs or something they should donate to for good PR. Some professors suggested I just work a corporate job while being on the board of a non-profit. Some condescendingly asked me if I knew how much money I wouldn’t make. One former professor asked me if I was gay. (I’m not) Regardless of the controversy I faced, I was stubborn enough in what I felt was my calling, vocation, purpose, etc. to remain on the non-profit business path.

I once went out to coffee about two years ago with the founder of an organization that focused on providing clean water for individuals; something I had considered doing for quite some time. After a very fruitful conversation, he said something extremely profound, which I have carried with me since – in terms of narrowing what I wanted to do specifically, he asked me the question of: “what is an injustice you see in the world that makes you the most angry or passionate?” I pondered this question greatly, and still do. Continually I am affirmed that this anger is individuals being sold into the various forms of slavery. Yes, the fact that children dying from curable diseases or lack of clean water is a terrible injustice—in no way am I attempting to belittle this or any other cause. I looked at these deaths of children as caused by selfish passivity from those able to assist. However, with individuals in slavery, I view this as an active oppression of individuals for personal gain. For other, their passions and pull towards change will, and should be, different than mine. We need passionate, world-changing people to be actively fighting all forms of need—be it hunger, sickness, disaster, or corruption. My wiring simply points me towards the injustice of individuals being treated as commodities. My dilemma remained of how to harness this passion with business knowledge and direct it towards a productive goal.

My knowledge and involvement with the Global Center had been little to none approaching my senior year at Vanguard University. However, I had been in conversation with many staff and faculty members first semester who strongly suggested I speak with Dr. Sandra Morgan about the vision I had for my post-grad life. With my ridiculously busy schedule, and terrible tendency towards procrastination, I did not meander into the office of Sandie Morgan until the Monday of winter finals week. I poked my head into her office and asked if I could have a few minutes of her time, based on how highly recommended she was.

While Sandie munched on her salad during her break between classes, she carefully listened as I spelled out where my passions lie and where I saw myself post-Vanguard. After what was all of a 10 minute conversation, she offered me an internship with the Global Center for the spring semester, as the business intern.

Since the first day I walked into the office, pad folio in hand, I have been learning. I really had no idea what to expect. Would I be doing the classic intern work: Filing papers, running errands, hanging flyer, updating the contact list? Yes…I did…all of those. However, quite quickly I was thrown into productive, businesses (that’s the technical term) responsibility. My role has been working closely with the chair of the Priceless committee and Global Center staff in planning and executing both meetings and the Priceless fundraiser itself. (Priceless is an annual gala that GCWJ host in September to invite support and acknowledge current supporters. As a 4013b non-profit, this is the way they are able to do their amazing work.) I have been able to fully utilize my skills and knowledge in business on this event while working out of the passion I have for ending human trafficking. Although my future is still uncertain (I know, I should have a plan by now), my time spent with the Global Center has and continually does educate me and inspire me for moving forward. I hope and pray that I will make a lasting impression on people’s lives based on the work I have been blessed with doing here, based on the skills and knowledge I have learned while working here, which I can apply to m future career.

Pentecostal Leadership Series: Dr. Marcia Clarke

Marcia Clarke PDF Flyer

FRIDAY, April 22, 2016, 2:00 – 4:00 PM

HEATH LECTURE HALL 109, Vanguard University

Spring 2016 Pic 3

Pentecostalism in the Black British Female Experience

Dr. Marcia Clarke, Ph.D.

Assistant Director, School of Law, Regent University, Virginia Beach, VA

Co-Pastor, Restoration Christian Fellowship, Virginia Beach, VA

Dr. Marcia Clarke completed her doctoral studies at the University of Birmingham (UK). Her research utilized practical theology and in particular the role of ordinary theology in the formulation of Pentecostal spirituality.  Her research seeks to gain an understanding of the spirituality of Black British women in a post-colonial era. Marcia has presented her research at conferences on Global Pentecostalism in Europe and the U.S. Marcia has also taught in Ghana, West Africa where she and her husband served as missionaries for ten years.  She holds ministerial credentials with the Church of God (Cleveland, TN) and co-pastors a church plant in Virginia Beach, VA.

When Passion Meets Purpose: Celina Chumacero

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Student Impact Blog #4

Growing up, I always cared about social justice issues and women’s rights because of the culture I grew up in. I come from a very traditional Mexican family so I was always taught to believe that the men were the head of the household and it was the woman’s job to maintain work in the household and nothing else. I never agreed with my mother and fathers beliefs and because of that, I decided to major in Sociology and minor in Women’s Studies. I wanted to change the way society defines gender roles and the way various cultures see and portray women. These past two semesters I had the pleasure of being an intern for the Global Center for Women and Justice.  Being an intern has been an amazing experience and opportunity to learn more about women’s rights and how to combat injustices. I was able to work with director Sandra Morgan and gain more knowledge on how to educate others about human trafficking as well as child exploitation. Working in the Global Center has taught me to study the issue before I do anything else. In order to impact someone else’s life or educate others, I need to know the issue that I am discussing. Once I fully comprehend what I am advocating for, then I can work on being a voice and making a difference.  Being a women’s studies minor and an intern for the Global Center has helped me discover my passion and what I want to do with my future career. I would like to be a social worker for sexual assault victims as well as rape victims. I want to work with this specific area because I believe many times victims of this crime do not receive the justice they deserve and are often blamed for the crime done to them. Rape culture has become something that is not taking seriously and because of this, I want to change the way society treats men and women who experience this trauma and loss of innocence. Various classes I have taken for my minor have taught me about rape culture and the process of victimization. My women’s studies classes have prepared me to work in this specific field and have empowered me to fight for this injustice. The Global Center for Women and Justice has not only helped me find my passion, but it has also taught me to always speak for those who cannot. In order to truly make a difference, we must be a voice for the voiceless and know to never lose hope. When we have hope, then we can fight for social change.

global center

The Importance of Action: Morgan Stacy

Student Impact Series: Part 3

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If I could sum up what I’ve learned as a student worker for the Global Center for Women and Justice in two words I would use the words compassion and community. The meaning of compassion is to recognize the suffering of others, then take action to help. The Global Center for Women and Justice accomplishes this task in a unique way by giving a place for those who feel a stirring of compassion for those affected by injustice and want to make a change, but also by guiding the individual in the important first step, which is to study and learn the issue to better equips them to take realistic and appropriate action for change. The Global Center teaches its students and interns that by studying the issue, we can be more effective in fostering change.  Community also plays a huge part in this process. As interns in the Global Center we learn and practice community as we work together on projects, ideas and even everyday tasks such organizing the office. Outside of the Global Center for Women and Justice, that value holds true even as staff, students, members of the Orange County and surrounding county advocates come together to brainstorm and find new ways to combat and prevent human trafficking and other social injustices. Just this year at the Ensure Justice conference I was amazed as I hosted one of the breakout sessions and watched complete strangers come together as a whole to come up with new ideas and offer one another suggestions and personal help.  Witnessing that aspect of the Global Center at the Ensure Justice Conference was very valuable for me as I learned that when we stand together we can do more than each individual striving alone.   I am excited to continue learning from Dr. Morgan and the Global Center for Women and Justice.

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A Word from our Intern: Vanessa Lopez


Vanessa Lopez has been an intern with the Global Center for Women and Justice for the past 2 semesters and has been a great assets to our endeavors. She is a very smart student and involved with a lot of different groups on Vanguard’s campus, including the VU L.E.A.P. environmental club, of which she is the president. She is very professional and helped us work on two big events this semesters, the Frontline Summitt III and the Ensure Justice Conference. Read about what her internship with GCWJ means to her.

When planning for my Senior year at Vanguard University, I knew it would be best to have an internship. I am a History and Political Science major with a minor in Cultural Anthropology. Most students in my major have internships at political offices or with nonprofits of some sort. I do not own a car so my options were limited. When making my schedule with my close friend, I noticed she was interning with the Global Center of Women and Justice as well as getting credits. I did not need the credits but was immediately captivated by the idea of interning on campus with an organization I fully support.

            Though I am not a Women’s Studies minor, my time at Vanguard has exposed me to the realities of human trafficking. Before interning with the Global Center, I had attended the two past Ensure Justice Conferences. I learned so much just from those two events alone. Not only did I learn from the speakers about human trafficking but from my fellow peers as well. My main takeaway from the conferences was the fact that human trafficking is local. It is as big of a problem in America as it is in third world countries. With this knowledge, I was eager to intern for the Global Center as they do an amazing job of informing the greater public about such problems. They also do a great job at discussing preventative measures that such a reality as human trafficking can diminish in practice. Knowing I may want to work with nonprofits later in my life, I knew interning at the Global Center would be a great opportunity.

            During my time as an intern, I have learned a lot of the ins and outs that go into making a nonprofit function. It is more than you would think. I was able to assist with administrative tasks, putting information into excel spreadsheets and such, assist with marketing, sending out important emails, and organizing major events. It definitely was a good amount of work but it was a great learning experience. I learned what is needed to put on events that students like me can learn from. I learned of the many little details there are to consider. I learned that as an organization, there is always room for improvements and how that it not a bad thing.

            Finishing my time here at Vanguard and planning for my future, I cannot help but look back on my internship experience. Majoring in History and Political Science, I plan to soon go off and earn a Master’s Degree in Public Policy. With a Masters in Public Policy, I want to partake in working with nonprofits as well as government institutions in analyzing the effectiveness of laws and collaborating with many people and groups as possible to develop new laws if possible. I look back on my internship with the Global Center because it was during my internship that I realized the importance and lack of collaboration among groups fighting for the same cause. It is sad to see that nonprofits are being created left and right instead of working together to create a stronger coalition against human trafficking. I have developed a stronger interest in social rights issues and now human trafficking is at the forefront of my interest. The Global Center has definitely shaped my aspirations and for that I am thankful.