BIOL 111C • Principles of Biology I (3 units)

Co-requisite: BIOL111CL. An introduction course for the biological sciences which covers the scientific method, basic biological chemistry, cell structure and function, metabolism and energy transformation, evolution, classification, and other related topics. This course fulfills the core curriculum lecture requirement in natural sciences.

BIOL 111CL • Principles of Biology I Lab (1 unit)

Co-requisite: BIOL111C. Topics in this course a re designed to complement lectures presented in BIOL111C. Students will conduct a broad survey of investigations selected to optimize their understanding of basic laboratory techniques and biological principles including microscopy, chromatography, colorimetry, and DNA analysis. Lab and field trip fee. This course fulfills the core curriculum lecture requirement in natural sciences.

BIOL 112 ­­­• Principles of Biology II (3 units)

Prerequisites: BIOL 111C and BIOL 111 CL or equivalent. Co-requisite: BIOL112CL. An introductory course for the biological sciences which covers the kingdoms of living organisms, plant and animal physiology, population genetics, biodiversity, ecology, and other related topics.

BIOL 112L • Principles of Biology II Lab (1 unit)

Co-requisite: BIOL112. Topics in this course a redesigned to complement lectures presented in BIOL112. Students will conduct a broad survey of investigations selected to optimize their understanding of basic laboratory techniques and biological principles including field trips, dissection, collections, ecosystem classification and evaluation. Lab and field trip fee.

BIOL 204C/CL • Human Anatomy/Lab (3 units)

Introductory study of the gross physical structure, cellular makeup and physiological function of elements within the nine major organ systems. Lecture three hours, laboratory three hours. Lab fee. This course fulfills the core curriculum lecture requirement in natural sciences.

BIOL 210C/CL Fundamentals of Biology/Lab (4 units)

An introduction to the structures and functions of the major plant and animal groups. Focus is directed toward biological principles and problems facing humans in dynamic ecosystems. Lecture three hours, laboratory four hours. Lab fee. This course fulfills the core curriculum lecture requirement in natural sciences.

BIOL 212, 214 • Teaching Biology I, II (1 unit each)

Prerequisite: BIOL 112/L and BIOL 220/L. The study of important biological principlse within the context of designing, implementing and evaluating research experiments. Particular attention is focused on safety issues during both planning and executing experimental studies. Laboratory three hours. Mandatory visits to a local 6-12th grade biology class three hours. Two semester sequence. Lab fee.

BIOL 220/L • Cell Biology/Lab (3 units)

Prerequisite: BIOL 112/L. This course provides an introduction to the fundamental principles of biology that center on the cell. Focus will be placed on cellular structure and function, fundamental metabolism, and molecular genetics. Lecture three hours, laboratory three hours. Lab fee.

BIOL 291, 292, 293, 294 • Special Topic (1-4 units)

Study of a special topic in life science. May be repeated for credit. Lab fee.

BIOL 302/L • Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy/Lab (4 units)

Prerequisite: BIOL 112/L. Study of the similarities and differences in the structure and function of chordates (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals), with emphasis on human organ systems. Embryological development is integrated into discussion of each organ system. Laboratory exercises incorporate dissection on preserved specimens. Lecture three hours, laboratory three hours. Lab fee. Offered in alternate years.

BIOL 304/L • Human Physiology/Lab (4 units)

Prerequisite: BIOL 111C/L, 210/L or BIOL 204C/CL, or other college biology course with consent of the instructor. This course will investigate the fundamental physiological processes in humans using a systems approach to study integrated functions. It will explore the functions of the human body emphasizing homeostasis at biochemical, cellular, organ, and system levels. The systems studies will include nervous, cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, gastrointestinal, endocrine, and reproductive. Lecture three hours, laboratory three hours. Lab fee.

BIOL 305/L • Physiology of Vertebrates/Lab (4 units)

Prerequisites:  BIOL 112/L and BIOL 220/L. Principles of animal physiology with emphasis on vertebrates. Lecture three hours, laboratory three hours.  Lab fee. Offered in alternate years.

BIOL 309/L • Microbiology/Lab (4 units)

Prerequisites: One year of biology and at least one semester of chemistry. Biology of micro-organisms: their occurrence, and importance to humans. Topics will include microbial cell structure and function, metabolism, microbial genetics, and the role of micro-organisms in disease and immunity. Lecture three hours, laboratory three hours. Lab fee.

BIOL 311/L • Genetics/Lab (4 units)

Prerequisites: BIOL 220/L. A study of the principles and physical basis of heredity, biochemical aspects of gene actions, and social implications of heredity. Lecture three hours, laboratory four hours. Lab fee. Alternate years.

BIOL 315/L • General Ecology/Lab (4 units)

Prerequisites: BIOL 112/L. An introduction to the interactions between organisms and their physical and biological environment. Important factors and processes influencing organisms within both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems will be studied. Lecture three hours, laboratory three hours. Lab fee.

BIOL/CHEM 325 • History and Philosophy of Science (3 units)

Prerequisites: BIOL 112, 121, CHEM 121, PSCI 223C, 225. Survey of scientific theories, principles, concepts, individual contributions, and controversial ideas frmo earliest recorded history to present. Emphasis is placed on critically examining patterns and potential interrelationships and evaluating novel synthesis. Lecture three hours.

BIOL 335 • Biology of Cancer (3 units)

Prerequisites: BIOL 112, BIOL 220, BIOL 210C, CHEM 112C or consent of the instructor. This course is designed to study cancer from both a cellular and a clinical perspective. Characteristics of aberrant cell growth, proliferation and metaotises will be studied with a focus on the genetic charges that occur in cancer cells. Clinical aspects of cancer that will be discussed will include the classification, carcinogenesis, epidemology, prevention and treatment of cancer. Lecture 3 hours.

BIOL 347C • Upland Field Biology (4 units)

A study of biota and communities of upland environments and factors affecting distributions, reproduction, and physiology of plant and animal life. Much of the course consists of a field trip through the Sierra Nevadas and other terrestrial habitats. Course will fulfill CORE Curriculum science requirement. Lab fee. This course fulfills the core curriculum lecture requirement in natural sciences.

BIOL 348C • Coastal Ecology (4 units)

Coastal Ecology examines the ecological processes at the interface between land and sea in order to provide an understanding of the coastal environment, how terrestrial and marine systems are intricately connected, and how human activities can impact both. Much of the course consists of field trips in coastal and marine environments. Course will fulfill CORE Curriculum science requirement. Lab fee. This course fulfills the core curriculum lecture requirement in natural sciences.

BIOL 402/L • Histology/Lab (4 units)

Prerequisite: BIOL 220/L. Study of the cells and tissues compromising each human organ system. Discussion focuses on structural and functional components in both intracellular and extracellular compartments, and cellular interaction within and among different organ systems. Lecture three hours, laboratory three hours. Lab fee. Offered in alternate years.

BIOL 432/L • Neuroscience/Lab (4 units)

Prerequisites: BIOL 220/L and [BIOL 204C/CL, 304/L, or 305/L], or consent of the instructor. The study of the nervous system from the cellular physiology of the neuron to complex structure and function of the CNS. Emphasis will be given to the cellular neurophysiolgy and neuroanatomy. This course will give an excellent foundation for understanding the brain and the nervous system. Students will critically read and discuss the scientific literature and learn to critically evaluate experimental neruoscience. Lecture three hours, laboratory three hours. Lab fee.

BIOL 440/L • Molecular Biology/Lab (4 units)

Prerequisite: BIOL 220/L. The study of genome in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Introduction to and an analysis of modern molecular biology techniques are presented including: replication, transcription, translation, genetic engineering, cloning, gene expression, sequencing and genetic analysis. Lecture three hours, laboratory three hours. Lab fee. Offered in alternate years.

BIOL 451/L • Immunology/Lab (4 units)

Prerequisite: BIOL 220/L. The study of molecular and cell biology of specific and nonspecific immune responses in mammals, with special emphasis on human immune systems. Reviews experimental support for current immunological theories. Roles of immunology in human health and disease will be studied. Lab fee.

BIOL 455 • Biology Teaching Internship (1-3 units)

Prerequisite: Sophomore standing with GPA of 3.0 or above and the approval of the Department Chair. The student will meet for regular hours each week for classes and/or meetings that are established at the beginning of the semester with the supervising professor. The intern assists an instructor in planning and conducting lecture and/or laboratory sessions and with other assigned teaching related duties. This course may be taken for 1-3 units per semester. One unit consists of a minimum of 45 contact hours. May be repeated for a maximum of six units.

BIOL 470 • Special Topics (1-4 units)

Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor. Study a special topic in life science. May be repeated for credit. May have lab and field trip fees in some cases.

BIOL 480 • Individual Studies (1-3 units)

Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor and school chair. May be repeated for credit. May have lab fee and field trip fee in some cases.

BIOL 499C • Capstone Seminar in Biology (4 units)

Prerequisite: Senior standing or departmental approval. This course includes a senior thesis covering an approved research project, analysis and evaluation of current research in biology, and the integration of faith and learning in the biological sciences. An oral presentation of the senior thesis in a classroom setting is required in-class presentations by faculty and guests are a part of the course. Laboratory research in an on-campus program or an approved off-campus research program may be required for a senior thesis. This course fulfills the Core Curriculum Capstone requirement for Biology majors.

* This information is provided for ease of use, however it is not the official record. See the academic catalog for official course descriptions and requirements.