BIOL 121 • General Botany (4 units)

Prerequisite: High School Biology. An introduction to the fundamental principles of plant classification, anatomy, morphology, physiology and environmental relationships. Lecture three hours, laboratory four hours. Lab and field trip fee.

BIOL 131 • General Zoology (4 units)

Prerequisite: BIOL 121 or equivalent. Study of the fundamental morphological, physiological, ecological and behavioral features of organisms comprising 19 phyla. Research based laboratory exercises emphasize animal structural-functional relationships. Lecture three hours, laboratory a minimum of four hours. Lab fee.

BIOL 140 ­­­• Introduction to Molecular and Cell Biology

Prerequisite: One year high school biology and chemistry, or equivalent. An introduction to cellular structure and function, basic metabolic pathways, and molecular genetics. Lecture three hours, laboratory four hours. Lab fee.

BIOL 202 • Histology (4 units)

Prerequisite: BIOL 131, 140 or equivalent. The study of human tissues. Emphasis is placed upon the structure and function of cellular organelles and cells within the context of major organ systems. Laboratories focus of developing tissue identification skills. Lecture three hours, laboratory four hours. Lab fee.

BIOL/KINE 204 • Human Anatomy (4 units)

Prerequisite: BIOL 131 or 240. Introductory study of the gross physical structure, cellular makeup and physiological function of elements within the nine major organ systems. Laboratory sessions involve cat and human cadaver dissection. Lecture three hours, laboratory four hours. Lab fee.

BIOL 210 Fundamentals of Biology (4 units)

Prerequisite: None. An introduction to the structures and functions of the major plant and animal groups. Focus is directed toward biological principles and problems facing humans in dynamic ecosystems. Lecture three hours.

BIOL 210L • Fundamentals of Biology Laboratory (1 unit)

Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in BIOL210. Introduction to biological laboratory procedures. Laboratory excercises in molecular biology, metabolism and physiology, structure, ecology, and taxonomic groups. Laboratory four hours. Lab fee.

BIOL 212, 214 • Teaching Biology I, II (1 unit)

Prerequisite: BIOL 131 & BIOL 140. The study of important biological principlse within the context of designing, implementing and evaluating research experiments. Particular attention is focused on safety issues during both planning and executing experimental studies. Laboratory three hours. Mandatory visits to a local 6-12th grade biology class three hours. Two semester sequence. Lab fee.

BIOL 291, 292, 293 • Special Topic (1-4 units)

Study of a special topic in life science. May be repeated for credit. Lab fee.

BIOL 302 • Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy and Embryology (5 units)

Prerequisite: BIOL 131. Study of the similarities and differences in the structure and function of chordates (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals), with emphasis on human organ systems. Embryological development is integrated into discussion of each organ system. Laboratory exercises integrate dissection (includes use of human cadavers) and research-based embryological studies. Lecture three hours, laboratory eight hours. Lab fee.

BIOL/KINE 304 • Human Physiology (4 units)

Prerequisite: BIOL 210, 131, or BIOL 204/KINE 204, or other college biology course with consent of the instructor. This course will investigate the fundamental physiological processes in humans using a systems approach to study integrated functions. It will explore the functions of the human body emphasizing homeostasis at biochemical, cellular, organ, and system levels. The systems studies will include nervous, cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, gastrointestinal, endocrine, and reproductive. Lecture three horus, laboratory four hours. Lab fee.

BIOL 305 • Physiology of Vertebrates (4 units)

Prerequisites: BIOL 131, BIOL 240, and CHEM 304, CHEM 305 (or concurrent enrollment). Principles of animal physiology with emphasis on vertebrates. Lecture three hours, laboratory four hours. Alternate years. Lab fee.

BIOL 311 • Genetics (4 units)

Prerequisites: BIOL 121 or BIOL 131 or equivalent, and BIOL 240. A study of the principles and physical basis of heredity, biochemical aspects of gene actions, and social implications of heredity. Lecture three hours, laboratory four hours. Lab fee. Alternate years.

BIOL 315 • General Ecology (4 units)

Prerequisites: BIOL 131. An introduction to the interactions between organisms and their physical and biological environment. Important factors and processes influencing organisms within both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems will be studied. Lecture three hours, laboratory four hours. Lab fee.

BIOL 320 • Origins (3 units)

Prerequisites: BIOL 210, BIOL 121, or BIOL 131. Classic and modern concepts concerning the origin and evolution of life are considered and critically reviewed. Alternate years. Instructional material fee.

BIOL/CHEM 325 • History and Philosophy of Science (3 units)

Prerequisites: BIOL 121, 131, CHEM 121, PSCI 223, 225. Survey of scientific theories, principles, concepts, individual contributions, and controversial ideas frmo earliest recorded history to present. Emphasis is placed on critically examining patterns and potential interrelationships and evaluating novel synthesis. Lecture three hours.

BIOL 330 • Conservation Biology (3 units)

Prerequisite: BIOL 121, 131 or instructor consent. STudy of the past structure, current state and fucture viability of global ecosystems. The impact of humans on ecosystems is emphasized, with discussions directed toward potential solutions for current/futre problems. Lecture three hours.

BIOL 335 • Biology of Cancer (3 units)

Prerequisites: BIOL 121, BIOL 131, BIOL 140, BIOL 210, CHEM 211 or consent of the instructor. This course is designed to study cancer from both a cellular and a clinical perspective. Characteristics of aberrant cell growth, proliferation and metaotises will be studied with a focus on the genetic charges that occur in cancer cells. Clinical aspects of cancer that will be discussed will include the classification, carcinogenesis, epidemology, prevention and treatment of cancer. Lecture 3 hours.

BIOL 340 • Marine Ecology (4 units)

Prerequisites: BIOL 131. The study of saltwater ecosystems. Discussions center on ecological processes influencing marine organisms in a wide range of habitats. Laboratory exercises emphasize field research. Lecture three horus, laboratory four hours. Lab fee.

BIOL 345 • Field Biology – Mountains (4 units)

Prerequisites: BIOL 210, BIOL 121, or BIOL 131. A study of biota and communities of the mountains and factors affecting distributions, reproduction, and physiology of plant and animal life. Much of the course consists of a field trip through the Sierra Nevadas. Special fee.

BIOL 346 • Field Biology – Desert (4 units)

Prerequisites: BIOL 210, BIOL 121, or BIOL 131. A study of biota and communities of the desert and factors affecting distributions, reproduction, and physiology of plant and animal life. Much of the course consists of a field trip through various desert areas. Special fee.

BIOL 352 • Economic Botany and Plant Propagation (4 units)

Prerequisites: BIOL 210, BIOL 121, or permission of instructor. A consideration of plants used by man, including origins, diversity, use, and major methods of propagation employed in their culture. Lecture three hours, laboratory six hours. Lab and field trip fee with many required field trips (including an extended four-day trip) off campus. Lab fee. Alternate years.

BIOL 360 • Biogeography (4 units)

Prerequisite: BIOL 210 or above. A study of the geographic patterns of species distributions and causes of those patterns and their effects on the pattern of human settlement. Lab fee with many required field trips (including an extended four-day trip) off campus. Alternate years.

BIOL 409 • Microbiology (4 units)

Prerequisite: BIOL 121 or BIOL 131, and BIOL 240, and CHEM 304, CHEM 305 or concurrent enrollment. Biology of micro-organisms: their occurrence and importance to man. Lecture three hours, laboratory four hours. Lab fee. Alternate years.

BIOL 414 • Plant Taxonomy (4 units)

Prerequisite: BIOL 121, BIOL 131, or consent of the instructor. An introduction to the study of the systematics of vascular plants with practice in their classification and identification. Lecture two hours, laboratory six hours. Lab and field trip fee with many field trips off campus. Alternate years.

BIOL 425 • Cell Biology (4 units)

Prerequisites: BIOL 121, BIOL 131, BIOL 240, and CHEM 304, CHEM 305. The study of the functions of micro-organisms, cells and tissues in terms of molecular biology, and related chemical and physical phenomena. Lecture three hours, laboratory four hours. Alternate years. Lab fee.

BIOL 428/ANTH 428/KINE 428 • Culture, Health, and Disease: Foundations of Epidemiology (3 units)

Prerequisites: ANTH 102, ANTH 320 and/or ANTH 440; NSCI210C, KINE 145C, KINE 146C BIOL 204/KINE 204 helpful but not required. This course surveys disease investigation, the uses of epidemiological methods and research, against the back drop of the biology of diseases, human cultural diversity, environmental diversity, and health-seeking or health-thwarting behaviors of population groups. The relationships of human behaviors, social and ecological conditions, mental and ideological states as these impact health and illness are explored. Transmissible diseases are especially targeted for investigation.

BIOL 432 • Neuroscience (4 units)

Prerequisites: BIOL 140, BIOL 204, BIOL 205, BIOL 304, BIOL 305, PSYC 330, or consent of the instructor. The study of the nervous system from the cellular physiology of the neuron to complex structure and function of the CNS. Emphasis will be given to the cellular neurophysiolgy and neuro anatomy. This course will give an excellent foundation for understanding the brain and the nervous system. Students will critically read and discuss the scientific literature and learn to critically evaluate experimental neruoscience. Lecture three hours, laboratory four hours. Lab fee.

BIOL 470 • Special Topics (1-4 units)

Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor. Study a special topic in life science. May be repeated for credit. May have lab and field trip fees in some cases.

BIOL 480 • Individual Studies (1-3 units)

Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor and school chair. May be repeated for credit. May have lab fee and field trip fee in some cases.

BIOL 499C • Capstone Seminar in Biology (4 units)

Prerequisite: Senior standing or departmental approval. This course includes a senior thesis covering an approved research project, analysis and evaluation of current research in biology, and the integration of faith and learning in the biological sciences. An oral presentation of the senior thesis in a classroom setting is required in-class presentations by faculty and guests are a part of the course. Laboratory research in an on-campus program or an approved off-campus research program may be required for a senior thesis. This course fulfills the Core Curriculum Capstone requirement for Biology majors.

* This information is provided for ease of use, however it is not the official record. See the academic catalog for official course descriptions and requirements.